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Event has been extensively pored over in literature in recent years. Some noted thinkers of our time, including Heidegger, Deleuze, Badiou, Žižek, Foucault, Eagleton, etc..have made great contributions to the framework of event. This article revisits Russian literary theorist M. M. Bakhtin’s eventthoughts in his philosophy and cultural poetics. In his ActPhilosophy,Bakhtin proposes ‘EventofBeing’ to interpret existence in terms of ontology, epistemology and value ethics. From this starting point, Bakhtin in his cultural poetics conceptualizes literature as event. Firstly, literature as event perceives itself an act or event that is temporally and spatially constituted, rather than a solid object. And as irregular occurrences, event of literature destines to undergo a process of changes and transformations and predicts new emergence. Secondly, featuring in its inherent discourse characteristics, literature as event is internal intertwined with other social and historical events while at the same time self – sufficiently develops. That is, instead of being perceived as reflective and a passive recorder to its historical society, literature is actually active with its own subjectivity to enter into dynamic dialogue with other events, and in some cases serves as a spiritual power in forging society and history. Therefore, literature as event places itself between concrete entity and dynamic process, textual discourse and social history context, etc.. This reflects a ‘interological’thinking, that is, literature exists in the relationship with other as something ‘between’. Clearly, Bakhtin's thoughts on literature as event would shed lights on our understanding towards world literature and literary history writing.